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Download Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966 (Central Eurasia in Context) eBook

by Paul Stronski

Download Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966 (Central Eurasia in Context) eBook
ISBN:
0822943948
Author:
Paul Stronski
Category:
Asia
Language:
English
Publisher:
University of Pittsburgh Press; 1 edition (September 19, 2010)
Pages:
368 pages
EPUB book:
1155 kb
FB2 book:
1442 kb
DJVU:
1955 kb
Other formats
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Rating:
4.6
Votes:
931


Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city . Paul Stronski traces the multifaceted transformation of Tashkent from the 1930s to the 1960s, showing the impact of Soviet power and world war on the city’s physical and social environment.

Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city that became the prototype for the Soviet-era reimagining of urban centers in Central Asia. This is an important work on a region and period that have received far too little scholarly attention. Adrienne Edgar, University of California, Santa Barbara.

Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city that became the . Bibliographic information. Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966 Central Eurasia in Context.

Although histories of other Soviet cities exist, Stronski’s work is notable in. .

Although histories of other Soviet cities exist, Stronski’s work is notable in that it examines not the more familiar and European urban centers of Moscow and Leningrad/St. Petersburg, but Tashkent, a place far from the European USSR where climate, culture, and resources presented unique challenges to the city’s administration and population. One of this book’s most salient features is its use of archival sources located at the federal, republic, and city levels as well as the author’s ability to negotiate documents in both Russian and Uzbek.

Start by marking Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (Central Eurasia in Context) as Want to Read .

Start by marking Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (Central Eurasia in Context) as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read. Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city that became the prototype for the Soviet-era reimagining of urban centers in Central Asia.

Dynasty: Politics and Islam in Central Asia (Central Eurasia in Context) by. Ward curriculum vitae - Clayton State.

Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (Centra by trevaunif. Dynasty: Politics and Islam in Central Asia (Central Eurasia in Context) by. Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (Pitt Russian East European).

Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City (1930 –1966). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010). Stronski describes how the Soviet Union transformed this city into a showcase. of socialism and into the largest urban area in the region. The objective of the.

Series: Central Eurasia in Context. Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city that became the prototype for the Soviet-era reimagining of urban centers in Central Asia

Series: Central Eurasia in Context. Published by: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Senior Fellow Russia and Eurasia Program. He is the author of Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010), which won the 2011 Central Eurasian Studies Society Book Award for History and the Humanities

Senior Fellow Russia and Eurasia Program. He is the author of Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010), which won the 2011 Central Eurasian Studies Society Book Award for History and the Humanities.

The 1966 Tashkent earthquake (Russian: Ташкентское землетрясение) . Stronski, Paul (2010). Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966.

The 1966 Tashkent earthquake (Russian: Ташкентское землетрясение) occurred on 26 April in the Uzbek SSR. It had a magnitude of . with an epicenter in central Tashkent at a depth of 3–8 kilometers (. –5. 0 mi). The earthquake caused massive destruction to Tashkent, destroying most of the buildings in the city, killing between 15 and 200 people and leaving 300,000 homeless. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-8229-7389-8.

Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966. Pitt Series in Russian and East European Studies; Central Eurasia in Context. Pittsburgh, P. Published: 1 February 2012.

Paul Stronski tells the fascinating story of Tashkent, an ethnically diverse, primarily Muslim city that became the prototype for the Soviet-era reimagining of urban centers in Central Asia. Based on extensive research in Russian and Uzbek archives, Stronski shows us how Soviet officials, planners, and architects strived to integrate local ethnic traditions and socialist ideology into a newly constructed urban space and propaganda showcase.

The Soviets planned to transform Tashkent from a “feudal city” of the tsarist era into a “flourishing garden,” replete with fountains, a lakeside resort, modern roadways, schools, hospitals, apartment buildings, and of course, factories. The city was intended to be a shining example to the world of the successful assimilation of a distinctly non-Russian city and its citizens through the catalyst of socialism. As Stronski reveals, the physical building of this Soviet city was not an end in itself, but rather a means to change the people and their society.

    Stronski analyzes how the local population of Tashkent reacted to, resisted, and eventually acquiesced to the city’s socialist transformation. He records their experiences of the Great Terror, World War II, Stalin’s death, and the developments of the Krushchev and Brezhnev eras up until the earthquake of 1966, which leveled large parts of the city. Stronski finds that the Soviets established a legitimacy that transformed Tashkent and its people into one of the more stalwart supporters of the regime through years of political and cultural changes and finally during the upheavals of glasnost.  

  • Nidor
Full disclosure: the author is a good friend of mine.

That being said, this is a fantastic book. Its clear view into the creation of Tashkent - and of Sovet ideas of city and nation building - has shaped my entire view of Central Asia. My time living in the region has been richer because of the insight in this text.
  • Xor
As a current resident of Tashkent, I found the book to be of great interest. Many aspects of how the city developed were explained. It was also interesting to read about the Soviet approach to nation building.

The author describes areas and locations, and it would have been helpful if there had been maps to show where the places actually were. A map of modern Tashkent would also have been nice, in order to compare pre- and post-earthquake Tashkent.
  • Modred
City planning often seems to be a new concept: a trend towards community-oriented design features that are usually intended to better a neighborhood or development by particular ordinances. For example, in my area, the housing boom of the 1980s led to massive building without much consideration of long-term community cohesiveness. After that bubble burst, a "new" trend arrived, requiring builders to consider small design enhancements to afford a better feel to a city. Encouraging front porches, open space, altering lot layouts, and keeping garage doors from being seen from the main streets were ideas encouraged to prevent the cookie-cutter home styles that arrived with the Baby Boom of the 1950s (think Hicksville, NY).

However, in the past, city planning was not considered a trend at all. Especially with the expansion West, cities were, at one point, often planned around where the city buildings, parks, and access roads would lie, and then the housing was built around that. One especially fascinating account of city planning that is unlike anything I've read before is Paul Stronski's book Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City. Stronski compiles the details of how this city was planned from both a civil and structural aspect, right down to an artistic vision of the daily life of its residents. This was not small scale planning! A political endeavor from the beginning, it was an ideological effort to demonstrate Soviet superiority and show the Western world the advancement that the Socialists confidently intended to promote.

While the book covers a great deal of the planning stages, I'm going to focus on two areas that were especially interesting to me. First was the concept of engineering and building codes: apparently even in Soviet Russia, builders wanted to cut corners! The area of Central Asia was already determined to be the site of previous deadly earthquakes, but officials felt that since a 7.0 earthquake hadn't presumably occurred in a hundred years, they could lower the codes to only deal with the ramifications of a 7.0 earthquake instead of an 8.0 quake (as initially considered). This "small" difference in engineering, combined with hurried construction done on the cheap, with inferior materials, and built in ways that were not common to the builders (tilt-up construction was still something new in the region) left the city vulnerable to earthquake damage. Even when devastating earthquakes occurred nearby, officials were still bent on promoting an image rather than safety.

"Tashkent urban planners still concentrated most of their attention on designing monumental structures....building a compact and beautiful public space was a quicker and easier way to impress and `show the state's care for' its citizens than building apartments or schools for the population."

No spoilers, but you can imagine how well that went, and what signaled the end of Tashkent. (I work in construction in CA...earthquakes are of particular interest)

Another intention in designing Tashkent was to show that Soviet rule had a cultural side, and that it would be open to permitting ethnic and artistic diversity. In detail, one section discusses how the city tried to incorporate cultural forms that would rival Europe. One woman, Tamara Khanum, was one of the "first Uzbek women to perform unveiled in the 1920s" and became a `People's Artist of the USSR'. She performed in various languages and became a spokesperson for the advanced Tashkent culture. She, along with other women, were used to advance the Soviet cause by appearing to be images of female emancipation, at a time when the West had yet to acknowledge women's rights.

While the book is heavily detailed in discussing the planning and construction stages of Tashkent, it also sheds light on the Soviet mindset towards propaganda and their intentions. A city that few have ever heard of, Tashkent seems an anomaly in the history of Soviet rule, especially given what was going on in Siberia to the North. I think that is what I liked best about it: it exposes another facet of the era that I hadn't run across in reading other history books.