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by J.M.Wallace- Hadrill

Download Barbarian West, 400-1000 eBook
J.M.Wallace- Hadrill
Blackwell Publishers; 3rd edition (April 11, 1985)
182 pages
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Wallace-Hadrill was born on 29 September 1916 in Bromsgrove, where his father was a master at Bromsgrove . The Barbarian West, 400–1000 (1952). The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with Its Continuations (1960). The Long-haired Kings (London, 1962).

Wallace-Hadrill was born on 29 September 1916 in Bromsgrove, where his father was a master at Bromsgrove School. He was Professor of Mediaeval History at the University of Manchester between 1955 and 1961. Early Germanic Kingship in England and the Continent (Oxford, 1971).

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The Barbarian West 400-1000 book. Wallace-Hadrill is quite clear that Theodoric's noble ancestry was a fake, more recent books I've read, W-H wrote in the 1950s, like Burn's History of the Ostrogoths take it seriously

The Barbarian West 400-1000 book. Wallace-Hadrill is quite clear that Theodoric's noble ancestry was a fake, more recent books I've read, W-H wrote in the 1950s, like Burn's History of the Ostrogoths take it seriously.

The Barbarian West 400-1000. Similar books and articles. J. M. Wallace-Hadrill - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (3):444-445. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 67 (4):793-793 (1989).

Are you sure you want to remove Barbarian west, 400-1000 from your list? Barbarian west, 400-1000. by J. Wallace-Hadrill. Published 1957 by Hutchinson's University Library in London.

In this perceptive and stimulating book, Professor Wallace-Hadrill traces the development of Western Europe from .

In this perceptive and stimulating book, Professor Wallace-Hadrill traces the development of Western Europe from the dissolution of the late Roman Empire to the emergence, in the tenth century, of the individual states of medieval Europe. Wallace-Hadrill (1916-1985), formerly Chichele Professor of Modern History, was Emeritus Fellow of All Souls College and Honorary Fellow of Merton College and Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

The Barbarian West, 400–1000 (1952). Christian Antioch:a Study of early Christian thought in the East. Early Medieval history (1976). Ideal and reality in Frankish and Anglo-Saxon society: studies presented to . Wallace-Hadrill (1983). London: Cambridge University Press.

Barbarian West, 400-1000. In the fourth century the Roman Empire was under threat. The Barbarians were becoming a powerful force in Europe, and the Huns, the most savage of these tribesmen, were sweeping south towards the imperial frontiers.

Doing Things beside Domesday Book. The Digital Middle Ages: An Introduction.

  • Kagalkree
This is a short little book that is tackling a very large subject. It also, self-consciously is limiting the extent it covers its subject, thus the limiting of 400 A.D. to 1000 A.D. It is also limited in that originally the book was written in 1952, only with some updating done in both '67 and '85. At its core is still a good framework for what was known on the subject in 1950.
All that said it does provide a good little introduction to the topic of post-Roman Barbarian folk movements. The major tribes involved in those movements in Western Europe were the Franks, Goths, Lombards, and a few others. Because of the historical record being a lot of Swiss-cheese, with writers from the past often confusing one tribe for another, or using words for Goth or Frank as a generic term meaning "Any German dude" complicates the modern understanding of the situation.
The major reason people find the study of these folk movements and invasions confusing is because even the people writing about it at the time, the Roman-Celtic peoples living in Italy, Spain and France were confused by it. This has lead to history scholars being confused about it to a certain extent. Naturally enough, this leads to a lot of confusion among laypersons on the subject.
This is only a good introduction though. If you are seriously interested in any of the tribes in particular, then you may wish to look elsewhere. But for an understanding of some of the major interrelationship disputes the various tribes had with the Romans and each other, then this provides a good starting point.
Of particular value is the books endnotes and bibliography. These provide direction for the person looking to continue and learn more about the topics and issues raised herein.
  • Thofyn
This book covers one of the most confused periods in western history, and I must say it left me more confused than enlightened.

The novice may gain superficial knowledge about the Lombards, Visigoths, Franks, and Ostrogoths, from Hadrill's compact book, but not much else. (I challenge any beginner who trodded through this to say anything illuminating about Visigothic Spain!)

Too many times the author frolics about interpreting documents and developments without giving any background information. If I did not know any better, I would think he was having a debate in his own mind. Hadrill certainly lacks expositional skills, nor is his ability to write clear english any better.

I would not recommend this to a novice (layperson or student). It is one of those books you read, set down, reflect upon, and realize you do not remember anything it said.
For an advanced student who has the requisite background knowledge, it might serve as a contentious (brilliant? tendentious?) interpretive history, but for the beginner it is gibberish.

History professors should stop using this text in introductory courses. Why not pick a text by an author who actually cares about EXPLAINING the Barbarian West to students so that they will UNDERSTAND the time period. Methinks Hadrill wishes to impress with his erudition too much.
  • Steelcaster
This book is at times too dense and frustrating. The advanced student will nevertheless find much that is valuable and refreshing, while the novice will possibly be intimidated or annoyed away.

I liked the non-reverent and the contrarian approach that the author employed to deconstruct some received views (or those that were received back in his day) which he shows to be not based in fact. At times, though, he seems to be carried too far by the desire to be original. Also, some of the discussions are terse and cryptical to the point of being completely unclear. For example, I simply di not understand what exactly he was making of Odoacer: in a short paragraph two contradictory views were advanced, each with great assurance.
  • Thetalune
J.M. Wallace-Hadrill (hereafter JMWH)wrote a small book about a very complex historical era from the demise of the Roman Empire until the end of the Carolingian reign. One might need a "score card" to follow the events and "players" during this very complex history. Yet, the book gave readers a detailed account in spite of its brevity.
While many Romans bemoaned the declinning fortunes of the empire, some of the Romans were aware that ALL empires collapse. For example, St. Augustine (354-430 AD)wrote that all temporal power is subject to collapse and change whereas his THE CITY OF GOD argued that men should pursue God who is eternal while The City of Man is temporary. JMWH clarified some of the political and religious conflicts in the West. The Arians gained support among many of the barbarians who had bitter disputes with the Catholics. While the Gothic and Germanic tribes had serious conflicts, these were dwarfed by the threat of Attila(c.400-453) the Hun whose threat was blunted by Aetius' (396-453) forces at the Batlle of Chalon in 451. As an aside, the Roman Emperor Valentinian III (419-455)assassinated Aetius due to political jealously. Later Aetius' wife vindicated him when she in turn assassinated Valentian III.

The events of the the Huns, The Scourge of God, enhanced the Catholic authorities. Many of the Catholic bishops were the sole defenders and administrators of cites and dioceses. As JMWH commented, the Popes in Rome also enhanced their influence especially Pope St. Leo I (440-461)who convinced Attila to defray his planned invasion of Rome. In the midst of these terrible problems, JMWH reminded readers of the economic problems when some of the barbarians got control over sections of North Africa and blockaded food trade with Europe.

Historians would err badly if they thought that Justian's (527-565)Gothic Wars relieved Western Europe of the serious problems that haunted Western Europe and especially Italy. His Gothic wars lasted about twenty years and lasted too long. Justinian's troops caused continued death and destruction simply because Justinian did not realize what his troops faced. The Lombards also posed serious threats to Italy and Rome, but Pope Gregory (590-604)was able to offer charity and help. The Benedictines establsihed monastaries where learned monks and nuns helped barbarians administer their lands. By 653, the Lombards converted to Catholicism. Also Pope Gregory was partially successful in substituting blood money for vendettas. JMWH had an interesting comment re the fact that the Lombards were more influenced by Greek language and culture. Between c. 600-750,13 Popes were Greek which helped the Lombards become more sympathetic to Catholicism vs. Arianism and the Greek Orthodox Church.

JMWH next sections focused on the Merovingians beginning with Clovis (467-511)who married a Catholic and made what is basically France mostly Catholic and not Arian. JMWH made a note that the Merovingians got their name from a word meaning Sea Fighers. With the problems that faced Western Europeans, Danes added another threat. While the Danish threat was blunted at first, they returned later only to be absorbed by Catholic Europe. After 391, no Merovingian was able to control all of France until the reigns of Pepin (741-768)and Charlemagne. What the Merovingians did not understand due to their laziness,is that the Carolinginas, who were called The Mayors of the Palace, got most of the power, and later prestiege, to eventually oust the Mervingians. Charles Martel (714-741)commanded the Frankish forces who stop the Moslems at the Battle of Tours in 733. Pepin (741768)pulled a coup d'etat and took control of the Frankish realm in 754 which was sanctioned by Pope Stephen II (752-757). As JMWH noticed, the Franks protected the Papal States from the Lombards which obviously influenced Pope Stephen II's approval of Pepin's coup.

After Pepin abdicated power to join a monastery,Charlemagne (768-814)became the Frankish ruler and, after several conquests, the Franks controlled large sections of Western Europe. One of Charlemagne's goals was to improve learning. He "imported" monks from Ireland and subsized Benedictine monastaries. He created palace and cathederal schools, Alcuin (735-804)and his scholars "streamlined" written expression and helped to standarized the Vulgate Bible. These men copied Latin AND Greek texts and preseved the precious learning from Antiquity.

While Charlemagnue establish learning and "law and order," the empire fell into disarray after his death due to the nobility establishing their own turf. Charlemagne's successor, Louis the Pious (814-840)inherited an empty treasury and faced famine and local wars. JMWH clarified the problems and divisions in Western Europe until 987 when the last Carolingian died. The next ruling family in France were the Capetians (987-1328). Thereafter the center of Europan power shifted to Germany and the Ottonians whose forces destroyed an Avar invasion in 955.

By the year 1000, the Europeans were divided by language and political conflicts. Yet,the only unifying factor was Catholism and the influence of Catholic religious and Popes. While many Europeans thought "the end of time" would occur in 1000, there were dynamics that would create new trade, scholarship, and renewal.

While JMWH's book dealt with complex problems, a good index and bibliography can help readers get focus and clarification. JMWH dealt with a complex history, and he wrote a good account. Readers should have pen and notebook to carefully comprehend this book.

James E. Egolf
September 1, 2012