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Download Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications eBook

by John W. Berry,Ype H. Poortinga,Marshall H. Segall,Pierre R. Dasen

Download Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications eBook
ISBN:
0521377617
Author:
John W. Berry,Ype H. Poortinga,Marshall H. Segall,Pierre R. Dasen
Category:
Medicine & Health Sciences
Language:
English
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press (January 31, 1992)
Pages:
475 pages
EPUB book:
1324 kb
FB2 book:
1925 kb
DJVU:
1948 kb
Other formats
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Rating:
4.9
Votes:
194


Cross-Cultural Psychology. Queen’s University Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Tilburg University Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Cross-Cultural Psychology. Syracuse University Syracuse, New York, USA. Pierre r. dasen. 11 Methodological concerns Qualitative methodology Designing culture-comparative studies Psychological data in cultural context Analysis of equivalence Classification of inferences Conclusions Key terms Further reading. 286 287 294 301 304 312 315 315 315.

The book covers basic processes and theory and applications of cross-cultural psychology with respect to acculturation, organizational processes, communication, health and national development. The new format, glossary and textual features are designed to enhance reader usability.

Handbook of Cross-cultural Psychology: Social behavior and applications John W. Berry,Ype H. Poortinga . Marshall Segall is Professor Emeritus of Social and Political Psychology in the Maxwell School at Syracuse University.

Все результаты Поиска книг Google Об авторе (2002). He has also taught at Columbia University, the State University of Iowa and Makerere University in Uganda.

Berry, John W. Subjects. Cross-Cultural Comparison. Psychologie interculturelle

Berry, John W. Psychologie interculturelle. Publisher's description: Cross-Cultural Psychology is a leading textbook offering senior undergraduate and graduate students a thorough and balanced overview of the whole field of cross-cultural psychology.

Cross-cultural encounters often lead to communicational difficulties, conflicts, including clash of views and values.

Marshall H. Segall, Ype H. Published January 31st 1992 by Cambridge University Press. Hardcover, 475 pages. Author(s): John W. Berry (Contributor), Ype H.

by Marshall H. Segall (Author), Pierre R. Dasen (Author), John W. Berry (Author), Ype H. Poortinga (Author) & 1 more. I received the correct book. The notes on it said USED, clean, neat. Honestly the book looked like it had never been opened. One person found this helpful.

Author: John W. Berry, Ype H. Poortinga, Marshall H. Segall, Pierre R. ISBN 10: 0521646170

Author: John W. ISBN 10: 0521646170. Will be clean, not soiled or stained.

Cross-Cultural Psychology is a comprehensive overview of cross-cultural studies in a number of substantive areas - psychological development . Berry, John . Poortinga, Ype . Segall, Marshall . Dasen, Pierre R. Published by Cambridge University Press

Cross-Cultural Psychology is a comprehensive overview of cross-cultural studies in a number of substantive areas - psychological development, social behavior, personality, cognition, and perception - and covers theory and applications to acculturation, work, communication, health, and national development. Published by Cambridge University Press. ISBN 10: 0521373875 ISBN 13: 9780521373876.

Cross-Cultural Psychology is a comprehensive overview of cross-cultural studies in a number of substantive areas - psychological development, social behavior, personality, cognition, and perception - and covers theory and applications to acculturation, work, communication, health, and national development. Cast within an ecological and cultural framework, it views the development and display of human behavior as the outcome of both ecological and socio-political influences, and it adopts a 'universalistic' position with respect to the range of similarities and differences in human behavior across cultures. Basic psychological processes are assumed to be species-wide, shared human characteristics, but culture plays variations on these underlying similarities.
  • Simple fellow
He pretty likes it, though I find this electronic version in our library later on... Anyway this is a gift.
  • Saberblade
Accidentally I received two of the same book.I gave it to my friend.I like the conditions of the bosok. Thank you.
  • Mallador
Back to school. Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications is a new edition of a now classical textbook and reference manual aimed at senior level and graduate students in the field. As one trained in psychology at a point in time when culture was first making dent in the instructional preparation therapists, this encyclopedic tome is both a revelation and a frustration to this reviewer.

First, the revelation. This book is testimony to how much work has been done in the field over the past forty years, both from the perspective of theory and research as well as that of practical application in and beyond the realms of therapy and education. When I was doing my doctoral studies, focused on educational psychology in the context of the Human Potential Movement, it was common for psychotherapists to regularly diagnose and treat Latino mothers as co-dependant. It is therefore gratifying to arrive at a time when we are seriously engaged in looking at "Culturally Informed and appropriate psychology," this being a chapter title, in effect "decolonizing" Western dominance of the field and interpretations of psychological realities and admitting indigeneous perspectives.

Being grandfathered into intercultural work at a time when this discipline was at best starting to be created, it is gratifying for me to see how both validation and questioning from surrounding and complementary fields of study can help us get a larger and more well thought out picture of what we do. This reviewer makes no pretentions to an ability to pass judgement on the many theoretical propositions about human psychological and psychosomatic functioning, which is in fact the work that the multiple authors of this volume are engaged to do for us. The key to their evaluation and positioning of the many theories and studies in the field, however, can be found in the authors' deliberate choice of moderate universalism as their overall operational standpoint. We live in a world where nature and nurture are always simultaneously in play if in fact they can be distinguished from each other. We inevitably vacillate between identifiable functions of culture that display some firmness and stability though hardly absolutes, and, at the same time, see endless variations at play, ever more so as globalization brings us face to face with ourselves in each other. This review will be largely from my perspective as a member of the practicing interculturalist community, searching for and underlining what seems enlightening and useful for our profession and, I suspect that moderate universalism is in fact also the operational code for most though not all of us.

Cross-Cultural Psychology, both the book and the field are essentially interdisciplinary. Reading these pages we empathize with the senior student whose intercultural interests lead to wondering, "Whither shall I go?" Psychology, anthropology, sociology, political science, biology, healthcare, business, pedagogy, etc., all beckon and inevitably have fingers in the pie in whatever field of intercultural study one embarks upon--none stands alone. The definition of cross-cultural psychology found in the introduction recognizes this interdependence:

"Cross-Cultural Psychology is the study: of similarities and differences in individual psychological functioning in various cultural and ethnocultural groups; of ongoing changes in variables reflecting such functioning; and of the relationships of psychological variables with sociocultural, ecological, and biological variables."

All the more important, then, that we understand the structure of the field(s) of study involved and their interplay, as well as how they are organized, in this volume if we are to find our bearings on what we want to explore and learn.

The introduction goes on to define and position the field of cross-cultural psychology and provides guidelines for research and interpretation. We then move on to Part I, which examines Similarities and differences in behavior across cultures. This brings together theories, research and interpretation, individual development at various stages of the life cycle, as well as social behavior where culture is defined as a social psychological construct. Five areas of human functioning are examined in detail, a chapter each for personality cognition, emotion, language and perception. The question to be answered is: How and, if so, to what degree does cultural difference affect the development and behavior of human beings in each of these capacities? Copious research is reviewed often with helpful notice of its historical development.

Here is where perhaps the readers' frustration, mentioned above begins to appear. Especially if one is addicted to certainties, history shows that extrapolating our "scientific" conclusions about other peoples often morphs into erroneous if not prejudicial beliefs. It is the journey of research that enlightens and educates rather than the destination. While there may be hostels of tentative conclusion along the way, the pilgrimage of inquiry is an ongoing one and the landscape endlessly changes. Thus the authors kindly guide us, concluding each chapter with a look at the map, tracing the terrain we have covered, and offering us bearings on where we are most likely positioned in the inquiry to go next--a practical expression of the moderate universalism they have espoused.

Part 2, looks at Relationships between behavior, culture and biology, examining the contributions of the disciplines of cultural anthropology and evolutionary biology to our understanding of culture and hence of how cross-cultural psychology is conducted.

If, as practicing interculturalists, we sloughed off Part 1, and found our interest piqued somewhat by Part 2, it is likely to peak in Part 3 which looks to Applying research findings across cultures--it is after all about our real world. The chapters on Acculturation and Intercultural relations found here also shine, no doubt due to the active engagement of the majority of the book's authors with issues such as immigration, acculturation and intercultural relations. One finds considerably more clarity here about the nature and kinds of migration, as well as psychological and social acceptance processes both in the individual and social contexts from which migrants come and into which they move. As an aside, most of the literature I have seen on so called "blended culture" and "third culture kids" could benefit from this overview as well as from more intense study of these dynamics as found in other studies made by several of the authors.

Given this, the following chapter on Intercultural education and training is largely about dealing with "sojourners," people temporarily in or in contact with other cultures, expatriates, students and the like. We intercultural practitioners are confronted with the issue that "empirical tests of the effectiveness of training have tended to trail behind the development of new training." What exists frequently indicates very little empirical evidence of results, despite the "branding" of cultural competence tools. While the use of broad cultural dimensions seems to be the most widespread element of training interventions, it is problematic that "most differences that are found tend to be very situation specific or domain specific." This seems to give greater credibility to processes where "assimilator" types of tools and critical incidents are employed. Certainly those of us who design interventions could benefit by the small extra effort involved in encouraging researchers to explore what works, why it works, and under what conditions.

Equally challenging and fascinating for the practicing interculturalist is the chapter on Work and organizations. The authors have narrowed down the vast literature now available in this area to focus on how ambient culture affects the structure and particular culture of organizations and how these spell themselves out in the values, behavior and dispositions toward work in both management and employees. An organization's culture is developed not just from what it makes or the kind of service it provides, but by the legal and socio-political philosophy of where they are formed and where they operate. Ecology, size and economy may be factors. Organizational shape may be in conflict with function and individual motivation and collaborative behaviors may be key to understanding what is going on in the enterprise.

Neither the classical studies of Hofstede nor the more recent GLOBE research program provide a satisfying analysis of how values operate in the context of organizational behavior. If we are to develop clearer understandings of how values may either drive or be driven by organizational contexts, there will need to be much more research that isolates culture specific value sets that currently are all too easily lumped into the generic values terminology that we see in the dimensional literature. In short we must get to the stories that express and drive values locally, rather than rely on what seems to be our addiction in the social sciences to statistically driven survey results and their interpretation.

The penultimate chapter addresses Health: mental health, pathologies and therapeutic interventions across cultures, as well as the cultural context and ecology of bodily health around the world. Of course psychology and corporality are inseparable. Health is handily defined as the WHO does it, "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not just the absence of disease or infirmity." Psychology has a task here, both in helping us define the cultural factors conducive to healthy living as well as addressing the creation of attitudes and the mentality of policies that seek to improve healthy living. While Western taxonomies of disease and prescribed means of diagnosis and care are widespread, they are interpreted by culturally diverse recipient mentalities and culturally diverse conceptions of pathology and cure.

This leaves the area of psychopathology and its role in overall sickness and health difficult to define. While mental disorders have been repeatedly classified, whether they turn out to be biased or not toward a specific culture or seen and evaluated differently across cultures remains an open question, begging considerably more study. The authors highlight this challenge and attempt to briefly explore it by looking at three psychopathological conditions with worldwide prevalence, namely: organic disorders, schizophrenia and depression, while admitting that a universal set of psychopathologies is likely not identifiable. Even in the three categories cited, the role of culture is extremely difficult to pinpoint in the origin, expression and cure of the condition. That culture plays a role is evident in the social expression of sickness, for example, where a person in one culture will complain of feeling sad where elsewhere a somatic symptom emerges, such as a headache or other localized pain.

Psychotherapy can be described as indigenous, if client, therapist and society share the same culture, or as Multicultural, where the intervention takes place without the concurrence of these variables, and must therefore be exercised with cultural savvy and sensitivity. While we can consider Western psychotherapy as indigenous, Morita and Naikan in Japan as well as Caribbean Voodoo are cited as other indigenous examples. Frankly speaking as a counselor for many years, the reviewer is of the opinion that virtually all systems are multicultural because clients will share in many cultural identities even within their native society. Not only must the caregiver be sensitive to these, but also be aware, as the authors suggest, that the trust, belief and acceptance of the client are critical elements in the success or failure of the intervention and that cultural adaptation is very much implicated in creating these attitudes. The chapter ends with some psychological observations about improving quality of life in a world of economic disorder and poverty, infant mortality and transmissible disease.

Culturally Informed and appropriate psychology, mentioned earlier, is the final chapter topic. Here both the diffusion and dominance of Western psychology are examined along with expositions of several indigenous psychologies in the light of seeking what is needed to create a global praxis. This clearly requires mutual respect, openness to the beliefs of others, as well as discovery of pertinent knowledge and collaboration. It is tied to ethical concerns, not only rising from the practice of of the psychological professions, but also from the political and economic factors that de facto create conditions for illness to flourish. The search is for what can be universal in a discipline that is culturally diverse.

The text concludes with an Epilogue. The authors ask themselves as well as their readers if their work has met expectations, and what might be needed next. Here the frustration surfaces again, simply because there is so much important work to do. Their hope is that this textbook will stimulate not just interdisciplinary but also intercultural collaboration on critical topics, that it would engaging psychologists from all societies, in a context that says culture matters.

We must congratulate the editors on making this massive book readable in terms of layout, typesetting, color and illustrations, though it exceeds my kitchen scale's kilogram assessment. Eleven pages of Key Terms are defined and explained to assist the user to refresh and focus perspective amidst the plethora of terminology used in the chapters. 124 pages of Bibliography plus Author and Subject indices make the volume appear more daunting than it is. In addition, the authors do not hesitate, where useful to provide linkage to more extensive resources accessible by Internet, often signaled in the margin of the page.
  • Kriau
I read a long about various fields of science and academia, but it's a long time I hadn't read a book so poorly written. It is unnecessarily abstract and lacks examples. The whole book reads like a long bibliography, in which the authors essentially mention papers by other psychologists, but without explaining or summarising their findings. It takes energy to decipher their dense prose, and when I look back on the chapter I have read and look at my notes to see what I have learned,it turns out thee was very little content of interest. The book doesn't provide any statistical data, graphs or tangible comparisons about world cultures. They mention studies and books that do, but it would have been much more useful and enjoyable if they had tried to explain and summarize those other studies. It is supposed to be an educational book, but it feels like a book written solely to display the authors' knowledge of other people's work, without making any attempt to make the reader want to check those studies. Very disappointing
  • Gavikelv
This book was frustratingly boring and wordy. I expected this book to be thought provoking but some of the examples were simply dull and unimaginative. But my main problem with this text is the authors over engineered the sentences. They seemed to take the view: "Why use 10 words when 30 will do?".
  • Ubrise
This book was a great book to have for class. The details are well explained.
  • watchman
Just as described! Thanks!