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Download The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society eBook

by Frans de Waal,Alan Sklar

Download The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society eBook
ISBN:
1400163552
Author:
Frans de Waal,Alan Sklar
Category:
Biological Sciences
Language:
English
Publisher:
Tantor Audio; MP3 - Unabridged CD edition (October 6, 2009)
EPUB book:
1578 kb
FB2 book:
1913 kb
DJVU:
1362 kb
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Rating:
4.6
Votes:
585


Frans de Waal is uniquely placed to write a book on the duality of human nature and on its biological origins in other primate species. No other book has attempted to cover this ground. Few topics are as timely to the understanding of the human mind and behavior.

Frans de Waal is uniquely placed to write a book on the duality of human nature and on its biological origins in other primate species. Antonio Damasio, author of Descartes' Error.

Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. cial behaviors are always kept in focus. Although this book is written in a conversational

Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. The Age of Empathy: Nature’s Lessons for a. Kinder Society. New York: Three Rivers Press (Ran-. de Waal argues that empathy-the ability to under-. stand the emotional state of others-is a unique. adaptation that enables social organisms to work co-. operatively. Although the author is keen on pointing. out nature’s nicer side, he does not allow readers to. nod into naivete about why empathic behaviors exist. Although this book is written in a conversational. style and is clearly designed for general readers, it is. also densely packed with valuable content.

The Age of Empathy book. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society as Want to Read: Want to Read saving. Start by marking The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

De Waal's theory runs counter to the assumption that humans are inherently selfish, which can be seen in the fields of politics, law, and finance. But he cites the public's outrage at the . government's lack of empathy in the wake of Hurricane Katrina as a significant shift in perspective–one that helped Barack Obama become elected and ushered in what perhaps could become an Age of Empathy

De Waal shows that empathy in animals is well-established and is chiefly interested in exploring how it functions. From the average reader's point of view, Chapter 7 is the most interesting, where the author addresses the role of empathy in human society

De Waal shows that empathy in animals is well-established and is chiefly interested in exploring how it functions. From the average reader's point of view, Chapter 7 is the most interesting, where the author addresses the role of empathy in human society. De Waal is strongly committed to the view that both empathy and gender differences related to it are deeply grounded in evolutionary biology. This makes him optimistic, on the one hand, but also hesitant to endorse any re-engineering of human nature; he does, however, believe our species is capable of more "fellow feeling

Электронная книга "The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a. .

Электронная книга "The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society", Frans de Waal. In this thought-provoking book, the acclaimed author of Our Inner Ape examines how empathy comes naturally to a great variety of animals, including humans.

The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society. Publisher Description. This revelation has profound implications for everything from politics to office culture. Science & Nature.

This revelation has profound implications for everything from politics to office culture. People Who Liked The Age of Empathy: Nature's Lessons for a Kinder Society Also Liked These Free Titles

Allman, J. Tetrault, N. Hakeem, A. Manaye, K. Semendeferi, . Erwin, J. Park, . Goubert, . & Hof, P. R. (2010). The von Economo neurons in frontoinsular and anterior cingulate cortex in great apes and humans. Brain Structure and Function, 214(5–6), 495–517.

Is it really human nature to stab one another in the back in our climb up the corporate ladder? Competitive, selfish behavior is often explained away as instinctive, thanks to evolution and "survival of the fittest," but, in fact, humans are equally hard-wired for empathy. Using research from the fields of anthropology, psychology, animal behavior, and neuroscience, Frans de Waal brilliantly argues that humans are group animals-highly cooperative, sensitive to injustice, and mostly peace-loving-just like other primates, elephants, and dolphins. This revelation has profound implications for everything from politics to office culture.
  • Мох
The Age of Empathy: Nature’s Lessons for a Kinder Society By Frans de Waal

“The Age of Empathy” is an interesting look at human empathy and what it can teach us how in becoming a better society. Dutch/American biologist with a Ph.D. in zoology and ethology and author of Our Inner Ape and others, Frans de Waal, takes the reader on a journey of empathy and its long evolutionary history. This provocative 306-page book includes the following seven chapters: 1. Biology, Left and Right, 2. The Other Darwinism, 3. Bodies Talking to Bodies, 4. Someone Else’s Shoes, 5. The Elephant in the Room, 6. Fair Is Fair, and 7. Crooked Timber.

Positives:
1. Engaging and well-written book that is accessible to the masses.
2. A fascinating topic in the hands of a subject matter expert, empathy.
3. Entertaining and insightful. The book is easy to follow. Professor de Waal is fair and even handed.
4. Includes sketches that complement the excellent narrative.
5. Format is easy to follow. Each chapter begins with a chapter-appropriate quote.
6. Clearly defines the main premise of this book. “There is both a social and a selfish side to our species. But since the latter is, at least in the West, the dominant assumption, my focus will be on the former: the role of empathy and social connectedness.”
7. Provocative ideas. “This is not to say that monkeys and apes are moral beings, but I do agree with Darwin, who, in The Descent of Man, saw human morality as derived from animal sociality.” “We descend from a long line of group-living primates with a high degree of interdependence.”
8. There are some statements that resonate and leave a mark. “At times of danger, we forget what divides us.”
9. Modern evolutionary theories. “Mutual aid has become a standard ingredient of modern evolutionary theories, albeit not exactly in the way Kropotkin formulated it. Like Darwin, he believed that cooperative groups of animals (or humans) would outperform less cooperative ones. In other words, the ability to function in a group and build a support network is a crucial survival skill.”
10. The link between empathy and kindness. “There exists in fact no obligatory connection between empathy and kindness, and no animal can afford treating everyone nicely all the time.”
11. Discusses key concepts such as yawn contagion. “Yawn contagion reflects the power of unconscious synchrony, which is as deeply ingrained in us as in many other animals.”
12. The importance of mimicry. “Not only do we mimic those with whom we identify, but mimicry in turn strengthens the bond.”
13. Sympathy versus empathy. “If Yoni were human, we’d speak of sympathy. Sympathy differs from empathy in that it is proactive. Empathy is the process by which we gather information about someone else. Sympathy, in contrast, reflects concern about the other and a desire to improve the other’s situation.”
14. Examples given of altruism in apes.
15. Helpful advice. “In 2006, a major health organization advised American business travelers to refrain from finger-pointing altogether, since so many cultures consider it rude.”
16. The concept of mutualism. “This suggests mutualism and reciprocity as the basis of cooperation, thus placing chimps much closer to humans than to the social insects.”
17. Income inequality, say what? “He believes that income gaps produce social gaps. They tear societies apart by reducing mutual trust, increasing violence, and inducing anxieties that compromise the immune system of both the rich and the poor. Negative effects permeate the entire society.”
18. The reality of empathy. “Empathy for “other people” is the one commodity the world is lacking more than oil.”
19. Evolution in a nutshell. “We may not be able to create a New Man, but we’re remarkably good at modifying the old one.”
20. Notes and bibliography included.

Negatives:
1. In a world looking for black and white conclusions this book offers a lot of gray areas that may not be as satisfying.
2. Repetitive.
3. Hard to live up to some of his other books.
4. Conservative-minded readers may have a tough time dealing with de Waal’s liberal bias.

In summary, this was a solid accessible book. Professor De Waal succeeds in educating the public on empathy. His mastery of the topic is admirable and is careful to be grounded on the facts and not to oversell an idea. Some minor quibbles like redundancy and many gray areas keep it from scoring higher but overall a worthwhile read. I recommend it!

Further recommendations: “Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?”, “The Bonobo and the Atheist”, “Our Inner Ape”, “Chimpanzee Politics” by the same author, “Animal Wise: How We Know Animals Think and Feel” by Virginia Morell, “Social: Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect” by Mathew D. Lieberman, “Beyond Words: What Animals Think and Feel” by Carl Safina, “The Soul of an Octopus” by Sy Montgomery, “Animal Wise” by Virginia Morell, “Zoobiquity” by Barbara Natterson-Horowitz, “The Secret Lives of Bats” by Merlin Tuttle, and “Last Ape Standing” by Chip Walter.
  • Jaberini
With nearly 30 years experience observing primate behaviour, DeWahl asserts that many primate species experience the same emotions as humans. As social animals living in groups, they also display similar behaviors of concern, as well as emotional and physical support for those experiencing difficulty, social discrimination, or injury. De Waal thus concludes that feelings, emotions and even altruism occur on a continuum stretching at a minimum from monkeys to apes to humans, becoming more nuanced and complex going from monkey to humans.
  • Cordanara
It was 1985 and my friend and colleague, Barbara McEwen, was explaining her research into the roles of vasopressin and oxytocin in memory processing. That's when I learned that "survival of the fittest" (Herbert Spencer's coinage) didn't necessarily mean that the most aggressive wins. In fact, cooperation was often a more successful strategy for survival. I was about to retire from years of professoring and this was news to me!? Assuming that I'm not too atypical, and from my observations since I got smarter, we still need to "get" the message of cooperation. I love deWaal's work for helping to accomplish that.

How optimistic is his preface! "American politics seems poised for a new epoch that stresses cooperation and social responsibility. The emphasis is on what unites a society, what makes it worth living in, rather than what material wealth we can extract from it. Empathy is the grand theme of our time, ..." On my good days, this thought encourages and comforts me. On my bad days, I take note that the publication date is 2009. It's 2011 and I'm still waiting to see the signs. But then, it often takes a look in the rear view mirror twenty years later to see what was happening as we lived through it.

So, to the book. I found myself reverting to the academic in the first part, making note of many things to share with my fantasy class. His writing style encouraged that, with his 1,2,3 listing of important points, a delightfully clarifying approach. I relished the reports of gender differences in human empathy, wishing I still had a psychology of women class to share them with. The middle of the book I read like a novel, loving the stories of the animals he and his colleagues have known.

To one of my clients who exemplifies "unconscious synchrony" I recommended chapter three. Not only did she find that reading helpful, but additionally she enjoyed the whole book. It takes skill to translate scientific observation into a book to be enjoyed by the non-scientist. deWaal certainly accomplished that.

There are just a few favorites I'd like to point out. I like the point that we don't decide to be empathic - we simply are. In the explanation, I appreciated his use of the rich German word "Einfuhling" as an alternative to "empathy." And I made happy note of the observation that, with age, the empathy levels of men and women seem to converge.

DeWaal's book is now in the hands of my daughter, to whom I recommended it highly, as I do to anyone reading this.