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Download Nature's economy: The roots of ecology eBook

by Donald Worster

Download Nature's economy: The roots of ecology eBook
ISBN:
0385143451
Author:
Donald Worster
Category:
Earth Sciences
Language:
English
Publisher:
Anchor Press/Doubleday (1979)
Pages:
424 pages
EPUB book:
1316 kb
FB2 book:
1394 kb
DJVU:
1434 kb
Other formats
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Rating:
4.4
Votes:
594


Viewing nature as a multi-tiered economy is not a recent revelation. Donald Worster explores the genesis of this idea back to Gilbert White during the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century.

Viewing nature as a multi-tiered economy is not a recent revelation. In sum, nature has producers and consumers. Consumers, whether they are humans, lions, bullfrogs or fire ants feed off the producers who are usually represented by photosynthesizing life forms. Consumers often aid producers in their propagation, even though it may not always be obvious. This concept of organic bodies interacting as a community is the basis of ecology.

Nature's Economy book. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking Nature's Economy: The Roots Of Ecology as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

John Muir; Nature's Economy; and A River Running West: The Life of John Wesley Powell.

John Muir; Nature's Economy; and A River Running West: The Life of John Wesley Powell Awards and honors. 2001: National Outdoor Book Award (History/Biography category), A River Running West: The Life of John Wesley Powell.

Nature's Economy is a wide-ranging investigation of ecology's past. It traces the origins of the concept, discusses the thinkers who have shaped it, and shows how it in turn has shaped the modern perception of our place in nature. The book includes portraits of Linnaeus, Gilbert White, Darwin, Thoreau, and such key twentieth-century ecologists as Rachel Carson, Frederic Clements, Aldo Leopold, James Lovelock, and Eugene Odum. It concludes with a new Part VI, which looks at the directions ecology has taken most recently.

Similar books and articles. Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology by Donald Worster. Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas. Gregg Mitman - 1995 - Isis 86 (3):466-467. Donald Worster - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):150-151. Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas by Donald Worster. Gregg Mitman - 1995 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:466-467.

Roots of Ecology documents the deep ancestry of this now enormously important science from the early ideas of Herodotos, Plato, and Pliny, up through . January 1980 · Journal of Forest History. Phillip Drennon Thomas.

Roots of Ecology documents the deep ancestry of this now enormously important science from the early ideas of Herodotos, Plato, and Pliny, up through those of Linnaeus and Darwin, to those that inspired Ernst Haeckel's ry neologism ecology. Based on a long-running series of regularly.

Items related to Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology. Examines the conceptual origins of ecology, the people who have influenced its development since the eighteenth century, and its impact on man's perception of the world in which he lives. Donald Worster Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology. ISBN 13: 9780871561978. Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology. Worster has written a volume that should be read and pondered.

Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology. Attention! No more 100 books from choosen category are shown. Category: Биология, Экология. 1. 4 Mb. Marx's Ecology: Materialism and Nature.

This wide-ranging investigation of ecology's past traces the origins of the concept, discusses the thinkers who have shaped it, and shows how it in turn has shaped the modern perception of our place in nature. Donald Worster focuses on the dramatic shifts in man's view of the living world that have occurred since the eighteenth century, looking closely at the contributions of such figures as Linnaeus, Gilbert White, Darwin, and Thoreau, as well as those of the twentieth-century ecologists Frederic Clements, Aldo Leopold, and Eugene Odum. The author has written a new preface for this work, which was first published by Sierra Club Books in 1977.
  • Wel
Viewing nature as a multi-tiered economy is not a recent revelation. Donald Worster explores the genesis of this idea back to Gilbert White during the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century. In sum, nature has producers and consumers. Consumers, whether they are humans, lions, bullfrogs or fire ants feed off the producers who are usually represented by photosynthesizing life forms. Consumers often aid producers in their propagation, even though it may not always be obvious. This concept of organic bodies interacting as a community is the basis of ecology.

Because there are so many variables, ecology and environmental study is a tricky field to study. Even more adroit are the historical scholars and their examinations of the environmental study. When most authors are banging their war drums calling for a reevaluation of environmental outlook or positing radical theories, Worster wishes to pursue a "deeper awareness of the roots of our contemporary perception of nature." He does not attempt to argue much of a hard-line point throughout his book, rather than openly explore the history of ecology. This is a simple and humble way to approach any topic and can be a truly wise idea. Worster separated the history of ecological thought into half a dozen eras. His hope was to illuminate the progression of ecology from organic, to romantic, to mechanistic, to tragic, to apocalyptic, and back to organic. By patiently probing through a massively diverse history of ecological ideas, Worster has written an epic of ecological history. If J.R.R Tolkien wrote an epic of ecology it would have turned out similar to Nature's Economy.

One strength of Worster's writing is his ability to draw upon obscure characters and develop attachments to various agents of history. Worster never grazes over characters or ideas, rather he supplies descriptions and backgrounds to diversify the story. He describes the drab appearance of "Oakies" and the tensions of Apollo 13. He explains the geology of the Galapagos Islands and the background Eugene Odum. By providing character development, background science and minute details, Worster has created an ecology of ecologists.

Worster provided so much detail in an attempt to push his minor thesis and his only real argument. According to Worster, ecology (along with other sciences) progressed according to the social and cultural patterns of the time. I will highlight just three of these instances.

The nineteenth century of the western world saw technological growth and scientific development in such quantities that had not been achieved for two thousand years. Man's achievements reaffirmed the belief that the natural world should be categorized and mechanized both physically and ideologically. Ecology in its attempts to identify the various cogs and relationships in nature fit surprisingly well into the mechanists blueprint. Nature was meticulously broken down and organized in order to identify as many agents in the economy of nature as possible. Ecology aided this process.

Ecology was looked to out of desperation during the 1930's and Dust Bowl catastrophe. Ecologists had much to offer in regards to explaining the dust storms. Most importantly they explained why it happened and how to prevent it from happening in the future. Ecology, with its ability to understand natural relationships, educated people in the importance of naturally evolved landscapes. These landscapes evolved through species succession and climax. Ecologists gained some admiration and even a few public pay-checks.

Lastly, ecology became an oasis of purity following the atomic bomb and World War Two. For centuries, scientists were bringers of progress, knowledge, and curiosity. But shame and fear was cast over the scientific community upon the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The most brilliant physicists in the world who once pondered the heavens and studied the forces that keep us floating through space became the harbingers of unrelenting death produced from the laboratory. Chemists who once theorized on the elemental similarities of humans, birds and trees became the dark scientist who played God by perverting the elements. Science, as Worster explained morbidly, had a large stain on its lab coat. Ecology, with its happier appraisals of life and natural connections became very popular in the shadow of the bomb. And so entered, "the Age of Ecology."

As mentioned above, Worster routinely supplemented his history of ecology with details and narratives. Initially, I found this cumbersome and inhibiting to the point. Only after getting through one third of the book did I realize that the details are the point. The details are what create the connections of ecology. The characters and their diverse backgrounds were what the human culture was comprised of. Two hundred years of botany, biology, geology, physics and curiosity mixed with two hundred years of market economy, integrated with two hundred years of social and cultural trends all added up to a photograph of earth taken by an Apollo astronaut drifting through the vacuum of dead space. There it lay, a tiny blueish greenish gem able to support complex life, the only such gem we know of. Ecology as an idea existed for centuries, ecology as a thesis was born from that photograph. Donald Worster's Nature's Economy had to have all the details it did, it was the only way to appreciate the complex connections existing on earth.
  • Erennge
…needs to read Donald Worster. In fact, he should be required reading to buy property anywhere west of Salina. This book, and his 1992 book, "Under Western Skies", are remarkably inspiring and challenging. For those of us who treasure the delicate and magnificent ecosystems around us, these books are a necessary arsenal against mindless development and loud self-interest groups.

"Nature's Economy" is an entire college course on the connection between history and nature. It can be challenging to read, but like climbing a tall mountain, well worth it. I would highly recommend this book to people who enjoy stimulating and well-researched reading.
  • ndup
I used to muse on the subject of environmentalism and why two seemingly opposed camps ("pro-environment" and "anti-environment"--though "anti-environment" could more fairly be termed "pro-development") think the way they do. This book answered many of my questions and started me thinking about more in-depth issues of environmentalism. The history presented is fascinating and, in some cases, appalling. I found myself thinking, "how could these people so eagerly destroy the environment that sustains them?", but at the same time the logic was right in front of me. I may not have agreed with it, but there it was.

The book is divided into six sections, which explore environmental thinking in chronological order: 1) Two Roads Diverged: Ecology in the Eighteenth Century; 2) The Subversive Science: Thoreau's Romantic Ecology; 3) The Dismal Science: Darwinian Ecology; 4) O Pioneers: Ecology on the Frontier; 5) The Morals of a Science: Ethics, Economics, and Ecology; 6) The Age of Ecology: Science and the Fate of the Earth.

This book was required reading for an environmental ethics class (something I think every college student should take), and I enjoyed reading it. We were asked to think about the points in the book in the context of 6 different frameworks: morals and ethics, religion, capitalism, the commons, science, and wilderness. I recommend that other readers do the same. Thinking about environmentalism from these different viewpoints gives it a different spin every time.

I never really considered myself an environmentalist, although I am all for living sustainably on the earth (within reason--some sustainability viewpoints are admittedly extreme). However, this book definitely shifted my opinions to those of a more environmentalist-like identity than I had before.

This review refers to the Second Edition (1994).
  • Whitebeard
If you want to know why our society is corrupt and immoral look no further from this book. Ecology and evolution as described by this book comes from the worship of nature and observational practices. Popperian science at one time was the hallmark of exploration. Darwin and those before and after him were mere druids. Swimming naked with frogs in an orgy, and these are the founding fathers of ecology. Good job!