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by Asif A. Siddiqi

Download The Soviet Space Race with Apollo eBook
Asif A. Siddiqi
University Press of Florida; 1st edition (February 1, 2003)
512 pages
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Asif A. Siddiqi is a P. candidate in history at Carnegie Mellon University.

Asif A. The Soviets were almost continuously behind the American Gemini and Apollo programs throughout the 1960s but few people realized it.

Start by marking The Soviet Space Race with Apollo as Want to Read . Sixteen years in the making, Asif Siddiqi's amazingly detailed book provides a kaleidoscopic view of the technical and political evolution of Soviet missile and space projects.

Start by marking The Soviet Space Race with Apollo as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read. a veritable gold-mind of factual information. An extraordinary volume. It is nothing less than the first full-scale, detailed explanation of how and why the Soviet Union led the world into space.

Siddiqi was born to Hafiz G. A. Siddiqi, Vice-Chancellor of North South University in Dhaka and Najma Siddiqi, a retired . Siddiqi, Vice-Chancellor of North South University in Dhaka and Najma Siddiqi, a retired professor of philosophy at Jahangirnagar University. Siddiqi received his bachelor's and master's from Texas A&M University.

Siddiqi, Asif A. Publication date. This book is, in essence, sixteen years in the making. First attempted to compile a history of the Soviet space program in 1982 author put together a rough chronology of the main events

Siddiqi, Asif A. First attempted to compile a history of the Soviet space program in 1982 author put together a rough chronology of the main events. A decade later, while living on a couch in a college friend's apartment, he began writing what would be a short history of the Soviet lunar landing program. The first draft was sixty-nine pages long. Late the following year, he decided to expand the topic to handle all early Soviet piloted exploration programs. That work eventually grew into what you are holding in your hand now. Addeddate.

September 1960 · Science. Banlieue as a Social Problem: Changing Discourse on Space, Class and Race in France, 1985-1995. June 2019 · New West Indian Guide.

Sixteen years in the making, Asif Siddiqi's amazingly detailed book provides a kaleidoscopic view of the technical and political evolution of Soviet missile and space projects. The Public Historian; "No space buff's library will be complete without this book.

Winner of the Emme Award for Astronautical Literature, 2001 "The essential reference work for Soviet/Russian space history. for anyone hoping to make sense of the too many 'truths' of Soviet Space history.

CHALLENGE TO APOLLO Soviet Union Space Race Signed: Siddiqi to Harford Scarce DJ. Product Description. Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974. The author covers Stalin and the rocket, Sputnik, space politics, final lap to the moon and much more. Includes many B&W illustrations. Dust Jacket features a color illustration of a rocket on liftoff. Very good copy with a scarce unique inscription.

Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books. Siddiqi, Asif A. (2003b). The Soviet Space Race with Apollo. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. ISBN 978-0-8130-2628-2. ISBN 978-1-896522-83-8. Gatland, Kenneth (1976).

Winner of the Emme Award for Astronautical Literature, 2001

First published by NASA in 2000 as Challenge to Apollo, these two volumes are the first comprehensive history of the Soviet-manned space programs covering a period of thirty years, from the end of World War II, when the Soviets captured German rocket technology, to the collapse of their moon program in the mid-1970s.

The spectacular Soviet successes of Sputnik--the first Earth satellite (1957) and Yuri Gagarin--the first man in space (1961) shocked U.S. leaders and prompted President John F. Kennedy to set the goal of landing a man on the moon before the end of the 1960s. The moon race culminated with the historic landing of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the moon in 1969 (coincidentally the first Soviet unmanned moon probe crashed on its surface while the American astronauts were at Tranquility Base).

The epic story of the Soviet space program remained shrouded in secrecy until the unprecedented opening of top secret documents. Based almost entirely on these Russian-language sources and numerous interviews with veterans, Siddiqi's book breaks through the rumors, hearsay, and speculation that characterized books on the Soviet space program published during the Cold War years. Supplementing the text with dozens of previously classified photographs, he weaves together the technical, political, and personal history of the major Soviet space programs, providing the other side of the history of human space flight.

  • ZloyGenii
Excellent story of the Soviet rocket, satellite, and attempted moon landing developments of the 1950s through the 1970s. If you read this book before or after reading Boris Chertok’s 4-volume series Rockets and People (especially Volume 4), then you will probably know all there is to know for an amateur historian of the former Soviet space program. The author Asif Siddiqi bases his story on information released by the opening of the former USSR archives, publications by former members of the old Soviet rocket, guided missile, and satellite programs and declassified CIA and CIA intelligence reports from the 1960s through the 1990s.

The book discusses some of the organizational, administrative, and industrial features of the Soviet rocket and space programs of the 1950s through the 1970s and occasionally compares the Soviet activities with the American NASA program. The Soviets were almost continuously behind the American Gemini and Apollo programs throughout the 1960s but few people realized it. American intelligence agencies suspected that to be the case based on satellite photo-reconnaissance of the Soviet rocket launching base at Tyura-Tam and intercepted telemetry reports of the Soviet rocket launchings, but those reports and analyses were not publicized at the time. The US intelligence agencies of the time couldn't know it, but there were also much managerial chaos and incompetence and technical backwardness in the Soviet rocket and space industry, especially after Sergei Korolev died in 1967. This book brings it all out.

The Appendices are almost as interesting as the main book, in my opinion:

• Table 1 lists the launch dates, the Soviet designations, and orbital characteristics of every launcher and piloted space vehicle during the 1960s and early 1970s;
• Table 2 lists all the Soviet cosmonauts of the era, whether they flew or not;
• Table 3 lists all the administrative organizations behind the Soviet space program: Special Committees of the USSR Council of Ministers, Departments of the Secretariat of the Communist Party Central Committee, Military-Industrial Committee, and various Ministries such as Defense, Defense Industry, General Machine Building, Aviation, and so forth. The heads, first deputies, and deputies are all listed as well. The overall bureaucracy was simply overwhelming.
• Table 4 lists all the contributing enterprise contractors to the space program such as OKBs and NIIs. Their evolution and combination or separation from other enterprises is also described.

The book, especially the concluding Chapter 20, discusses the reasons why the Soviets were unable to land men on the moon ahead of the Americans and why they eventually just gave up such a mission entirely. Essentially, their overall industrial and technological backwardness finally caught up with them. Many of the early successes, such as Sputniks 1 through 3 and the early manned space missions, were really political prestige projects so people like Khrushchev and Brezhnev could boast of the superiority of communism over capitalism. There were also a huge number of failures in the form of rocket launching failures, radio and telemetry failures, and satellite communications failures that were never publicized. Soviet manufacturing quality control and ground testing were primitive by NASA standards.

In my opinion, more extensive books on the Soviet rocket and space flight story are “Rockets and People, Volume 2 – Creating a Rocket Industry” and Volume 4 – “The Moon Race” by Boris Chertok. The biographical book “Korolev” is also very informative. Those books tell the story of the entire Soviet complex or system that developed and produced the rockets, guided missiles, space capsules, satellites, and lunar and planetary probes.

For an additional story of the development of the Soviet anti-aircraft and ABM missile systems, I recommend the book “Intercept 1961 – The Birth of Soviet Missile Defense” by Gruntman (2015). It is an excellent account of the development of those missile systems from the 1940s and 1950s through the 1980s. Similar to Siddiqi’s and Chertok’s books, it’s a detailed history of the entire background to what the Soviets did to accomplish that item. There is also extensive technical discussion of how the Soviets solved the theoretical, research, and engineering problems involved in developing the necessary missiles, tracking and scanning radars, communication systems, and computer systems. There is also much information on what the Americans knew about all this by means of radio and telemetry eavesdropping from secret bases in Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan. The book contains numerous photos from American U-2 overflights from 1956 - 1960 and from the early spy satellites such as Corona and Big Bird. There is also information on related Soviet ICBM and IRBM missile programs and their associated organization leaders such as Yangel and Cholomei.

And for a really good book on the magnitude and national economic influence of the Soviet military industrial complex (MIC), I suggest reading the book “The Price of the Past -- Russia’s Struggle with the Legacy of a Militarized Economy” by Gaddy (1996). It describes the history of the Soviet military industry from the 1930s through the eventual collapse of the USSR in the 1980s and 1990s. There is considerable detail on the function of the Military Industrial Committee (VPK) and it's subordinate industrial ministries. The best part of the book is the discussion on how the military industry (which included the space and rocket programs) really accomplished its function and the economic consequences. Essentially, it plundered the civilian economic sector with impunity. Massive forced subsidies and hidden costs were just part of the game. The book provides plenty of statistics on the extent of the MIC in terms of labor, investment, and influence of the MIC on the Soviet economy and the society in general.
  • Modar
For the amateur space enthusiast, Siddiqi's book represents a highly informative, throughly-researched reference on the Soviet/Russian space program. By focusing on the efforts to land cosmonauts on the moon in competition with Apollo, Siddiqi carefully documents the people and reasons why this effort ultimately did not succeed.

It is indeed not a light read in some spots, but reader patience is rewarded. The scope and magnitude of his research is astounding and one comes away with a much better sense of the impact the Soviet space efforts had on the "space race."

There are lots of interesting pieces of information related to the Soyuz 1 and 11 tragedies, the N1/L3 program that are not readily included in other works. The final chapter best summarizes the content of Siddiqi's work and the appendices and tables provide exhaustive information that the space enthusiast would appreciate.

It is indeed a "must have/must read" and belongs in the collection of any space enthusiast!
  • SoSok
You think you have job stress? This book,written from Russian source material by a PhD candidate commisioned by NASA, details the huge difficulties Russian engineers had trying to accomplish what they did in the chaotic and Byzantine world of the Soviet space program. Their technical decisions are well described and their personal issues and rivalries dealt with fairly and objectively. I came away with a deep respect for the achievments of the Russians. Their technology base was thin and weak compared to that of the U.S. and they developed many innovative ways to overcome it. The two most interesting aspects to me were the way in which German missile technology was incorporated and then surpassed to start the Russian program and the coverage of the ill-fated but fascinating N1/L1 Moon program. Do be warned - this is a dense, heavily researched, and highly detailed book - not a light read !
  • Xar
Probably as accurate an expose as one can ever achieved. Superbly well researched and presented without favoring one nation or the other.
  • Mr_TrOlOlO
The previous reviews are thoughtful and accurate descriptions. I am used to reading technical histories and I think the facts are all here. But compared to the best of the genre, this one could have used better editing for a more sensible and engaging story. A better title would have been "A History of Soviet Manned Lunar Programs". I didn't get the feeling that I was reading about a race at all, even though the facts prove that the Soviets believed they were in one.
  • Yananoc
While probably no-one can claim to know the full true history of the Soviet space programme, Mr. Siddiqi leaves me with a distinct feeling that I got as close as I could possibly get. Very elaborately researched history with ample foot-notes.
  • romrom
I had been looking for a book like this one for a long time and this one fills the bill. However, you're going to need a magnifying glass to read it- the print is REALLY small. I guess they had to use a small font to keep the book a reasonable size, but it induces more than a little eyestrain if you read it for more than a few minutes at a time.
It is a really informative book. I was not aware of the fact that it is really the second of a two book set. I now need to order the first book.